Legal Texts

Find the in English translated legal texts, initially retrieved form the respective National Electoral Authority all downloadable in PDF format.

Database Coding

Based upon a unified coding scheme, further advancing an existing analytical framework, all electoral laws have been coded and made searchable on-line.

License Info

Please cite properly: Rashkova, Ekaterina R. 2015. Electoral Law and Party System Development in Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe. Database available at


This project is supported by funding from the University of Innsbruck (UIBK), Austria, and a EURIAS Junior Fellowship hosted at the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Sciences (NIAS) in Wassenaar, the Netherlands.

Who We Are

Electoral Law Depository

The ELD is a research project which examines how rules of competition affect party system development. Its focus is on the incentives and constraints of party competition found in National Electoral Laws, and how they guide political behavior.

Utrecht University

What We Do

On-line Searchable Database

  • Retrieve and translate electoral laws
  • Develop a unified coding scheme
  • Code and analyze electoral laws
  • Provide on-line searchable database
  • Trace and explain recurring patterns of electoral competition
  • Study the effect of electoral regulation on party system development
  • Offer policy advice

Our Team

About hard work and dedication

  • Ekaterina R. Rashkova

    Assistant Professor in Public GovernanceUtrecht University
  • Anna Trojer

    Masaryk University and Utrecht University
  • Florian Tusch

    University of Innsbruck
University of Innsbruck    NIAS    Eurias